UK Waste Market

The UK EfW market is uniquely attractive. With a combination of high levels of landfilled waste, a high and increasing landfill tax, low penetration of EfW and generous incentives for renewable energy, the UK is a ripe arena for EfW developments.

EU and UK legislation is driving the development of the market with UK regulations making landfill increasingly expensive (including an onerous landfill tax) and providing support to technologies which divert waste from landfill.

Recycling has increased significantly in the UK, and further investments are being made in landfill diversion, but a large gap remains for residual waste processing.

EfW is seen as the most viable way of diverting waste from landfill, with a number of private companies looking to develop operations.

Planning Policy for Waste Management

The current UK planning policy framework for Waste Management focuses on a number of key fundamental principles.

Amongst these the following are very important when looking at new waste management developments:

  1. Avoidance of Landfill
  2. Improvements in Sustainability through reduction in Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  3. Maximising Recycling & Recovery through Best Available Techniques
  4. The use of the Proximity Principle
  5. Redevelopment of Existing Waste Management Facilities where possible
  6. The Development of new facilities for economic benefit through employment & land regeneration

Chinook Urban Mining Ltd’s development strategy compliments both waste policy and planning framework guidelines.

UK waste market projections (m tonnes)


(a) Includes construction and demolition waste and compost

Source: DEFRA, UK Landfill Tax Bulletin, Viridor investor presentation